Brief info on Cambodian National Elections

Cambodia Opposition (CNRP) Claims Win in Sunday Election

CPP registers 60 seats, not 68.
CNRP registers 63 seats, not 55.

CPP is an acronym of the Cambodian People’s Party (formerly Cambodian Community Party founded by Vietnam’s Ho Chi Minh in the 1950s as part of the Indochinese Community Party, which later broke up into 3 communist parties in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam).

CNRP is an acronym of the Cambodia National Rescue Party, a newly joint force between the two opposition political parties called the Sam Rainsy Party, SRP, and the Human Rights Party, HRP.

The CNRP is challenging the preliminary results by calling on involved parties to establish an independent joint fact-finding committee with representatives from the CPP, CNRP, the United Nations, the NEC, and nongovernmental organizations to investigate and solve the irregularities.

NEC, National Election Committee, is appointed by the Cambodian Ministry of Interior, which heavily biased toward the ruling party, CPP.

9.5 million voters are figures given by NEC before the 07.28.2013 parliamentary elections.

Despite his royal pardon, the NEC prevented Sam Rainsy from voting or contesting in the elections, saying it was too late for him to re-register as a voter as his name had been removed from the voters list following his convictions.

Before the elections commence, the CNRP, civil societies and international observers showed that there are more than 1.2 million voters missing from the voters’ registries and 200,000 of them are duplicate names. Of the 1.2 million missing voters, majority of them would vote for the opposition CNRP.

Sam Rainsy states, “It’s very unjust for Cambodians, and I know that the Cambodian people will not accept this.” He said, “If [election officials] insist on using the figure declared by the CPP, we absolutely do not accept it.” If those numbers become the official result, he said, “I believe there will be a massive rally from the Cambodian people.”

EU-the European Union, the U.S. State Department and TI-Transparency International express their strong statements yet that the elections result in many irregularities and need it to be taken in measures.

The parliament elections take place every 5 years. In 2008, CPP registered 90 seats out of 123. The SRP registered 26 and HRP with 3.

Hun Sen, formerly a Cambodian communist junior guerrilla fighter defected to Vietnam in the late 1970s, subsequently Vietnam invaded Cambodia and installed Hun Sen as the prime minister. He is the longest-serving leader in Southeast Asia. He is known as strongman in Cambodia. His counterparts in other countries, the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia all fell from grace.

SRP is formerly led by Sam Rainsy. His father is formerly Deputy Prime Minister of Cambodia in the 1950s-60s. He has survived several assassinations as he is the archrival to Hun Sen.

In 1993 when the United Nations organized the first democratic national elections in Cambodia, the CPP lost the elections. However, Hun Sen’s CPP forced the winning party FUNCINPEC to share power by having two prime ministers. Cambodia being the only country in the world to have two prime ministers. Four years later in 1997, Hun Sen toppled his partner through bloodshed and has ruled Cambodia with iron-fist ever since.

Cambodia becomes independent in 1953 from France. In 1970 Cambodia entered a 5-year civil war. In 1975-79 Cambodian communists took over the country and turn Cambodia into year zero, where her populations were cut off/shield off from the rest of the world, Vietnamese invasion in 1979 until the United Nations broker a peace deal in 1991.

CPP has been winning national elections since 1998 ever since it installed NEC.

Cambodia has experienced 5 mandates parliamentary elections with 4 out of 5 polls marred with irregularities, frauds, intimidates, threats, vote buying, murders, political assassinations, house burn down, journalists killings, extra-judicial killings, defamations, and lawsuits.

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